CT – computed tomography

Computed tomography (CT) creates a perfect 3D-computer model of the examined body part. The method is based on measuring X-ray absorption and the computer uses the obtained data to create images of the body’s internal organs and structures. The scans are clearer than traditional X-ray images, because the image contrast is better and allows doctors to easily differentiate between different tissues, such as bones, muscles and fat. The method is used to determine the injuries of intervertebral discs, but also to enable a painless examination of the intestine (virtual colonoscopy).

 

EXAMINATIONS WITH THE CT

Examinations with the CT are performed when it is necessary to display organs that are hard or impossible to display with other methods, like the brain. Indications for CT scan also occur when other methods do not guarantee a reliable proof of a disease, however, a clinical image indicates a disease that can be treated with an operation. A CT scan can be also used when data, collected with other examination methods, are contradictory or not reliable enough to prepare a good plan and perform a reliable operation or other treatments.

Coronary calcium CT scan (calcium scoring) is a test that detects and measures the amount of calcium in the walls of the coronary (heart) arteries. These calcium spots are called atherosclerosis. Atherosclerosis is an early sign of a heart disease that involves building up of plaque (waxy material) inside the coronary vessels. Gradually, the plaque can become hard, which narrows the coronary arteries and limits the flow of oxygen to the heart. This can lead to chest pain or discomfort.

The CT calcium scoring and coronary CT colonography scans allow us to predict if a patient is likely to suffer from any heart disease in the future.

 

WE PERFORM THE FOLLOWING EXAMINATIONS:

  • CT of the abdomen
  • CT of the chest
  • CT of the head
  • CT of the skeleton
  • CT of the lower extremities
  • Coronary calcium CT scan (calcium scoring)

 

CT koronarografija Standard za diagnostiko koronarne bolezni je t.i. koronarografija ali koronarna angiografija. Gre za slikanje srčnih žil s pomočjo vbrizgavanja kontrastnega sredstva vanje in hkratnega snemanja z rentgenskim aparatom. Kontrastno sredstvo se razlije vzdolž koronarne arterije in jo izpolni. Tako na črno-belem posnetku ne vidimo žile same, pač pa njen odlitek. Iz slike lahko s pomočjo izkušenj sklepamo ali je žila zdrava ali zožena oz. morda celo zamašena. Rentgenski aparat spreminja lego okrog bolnikovega prsnega koša, da lahko koronarne arterije posnamemo iz različnih zornih kotov in si jih v celoti ogledamo. CT test vsebnosti kalcija v koronarnih žilah (calcium scoring) je test, ki išče delce kalcija v stenah koronarnih (srčnih) arterij. Te madeže kalcija imenujemo poapnitev. Poapnitev koronarnih arterij je zgodnji znak srčne bolezni pri kateri se obloga (voskasta snov) kopiči v koronarnih arterijah. Sčasoma se lahko obloga strdi, kar zoži koronarne arterije in zmanjša se dotok kisika do srca. To lahko povzroči bolečine v prsnem košu ali nelagodje. Na podlagi CT calcium scoringa in CT koronarografije lahko pacientu napovemo ali je izpostavljen tveganju za prihodnje težave s srcem.   PREISKAVE, KI JIH IZVAJAMO:
  • CT trebuha
  • CT prsnega koša
  • CT glave
  • CT okostja
  • CT koronografijo
  • CT test vsebnosti kalcija v koronarnih žilah (calcium scoring)
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